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What is smoke curtain fabric used for?

Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-09-20      Origin: Site

Explanation of smoke curtain fabric

Smoke curtain fabric is a specialized fire safety component designed to control and manage the spread of smoke within a building during a fire emergency.

Smoke curtain fabric can be used in education places, offices, hospitals, hotels, museums, retail, restaurants, high-density residential, transportation, mission-critical facilities and more.

Importance of smoke curtain fabric

Due to the growing trend toward constructing larger buildings, Smoke curtain fabric has become a critical component in modern fire safety systems, serving a variety of essential purposes in various settings. Its importance cannot be overstated, as it plays a pivotal role in protecting lives, property, and minimizing the devastating effects of fires.

Materials of smoke curtain fabrics

The materials of smoke curtain fabrics are selected to ensure the efficacy of smoke curtains in containing and controlling smoke during fire emergencies.

Common materials used in the construction of smoke curtain fabrics include fire-resistant coated glass fabric, aramid fibers such as Nomex and Kevlar, and fiberglass fabric.

Fire-resistant coated glass fabric is known for its durability and resistance to high temperatures, often coated with silicone or vermiculite. Aramid fibers provide exceptional heat and flame resistance and are lightweight and strong. Fiberglass fabric is used as a reinforcement layer to enhance fire resistance.


Smoke curtain fabrics are often coated or treated to improve their fire-resistant properties. Silicone coatings, vermiculite treatments, and aluminum foil laminates enhance heat resistance and insulation. Additionally, reinforcement materials like fiberglass and aramid fibers are embedded within the fabric to ensure structural integrity.

For transparency, some smoke curtains incorporate clear PVC or other transparent polymers. These materials allow visibility while maintaining fire resistance. The selection of materials may vary based on manufacturers and intended applications, but they all adhere to stringent fire safety standards to ensure smoke curtains effectively mitigate smoke spread during fires.

Types of smoke curtain fabrics

Elevator Smoke Curtains

Elevator smoke curtains, typically positioned in the ceiling above the elevator, are indispensable for fire safety. Their primary role involves creating a barrier that seals off the elevator shaft, effectively halting the spread of smoke to other levels of the building. This containment action is pivotal in confining smoke damage to a single area or floor, allowing occupants ample time to evacuate safely.

Vertical and Horizontal Smoke Curtains

Vertical smoke curtains find their place in doorways of various sizes, serving as guardians against the spread of smoke to adjacent building areas. Their mission is to maintain smoke-free occupied spaces, facilitating safe evacuations for occupants and granting firefighters easier access. In a similar vein, horizontal smoke curtains thwart smoke's upward or downward journey, curbing its movement to other floors.

Draft Smoke Curtains

Draft smoke curtains constitute essential components within smoke control systems. Their strategic placement within a building helps channel smoke from occupied regions toward designated vents or safe areas. The pivotal role of smoke curtains lies in guiding harmful smoke away from individuals and redirecting it toward predetermined escape routes. This redirection reduces the risk of casualties stemming from smoke inhalation.

Atrium Smoke Curtains

Open atriums within buildings can pose significant fire hazards due to the rapid spread of smoke to other floors or its accumulation within the atrium itself. Atrium smoke curtains play a crucial part in mitigating this risk. By skillfully guiding smoke towards designated vents or secure zones, particularly in the case of atriums, these curtains effectively prevent smoke buildup within the atrium and ensure its safe ventilation out of the building. This intervention is instrumental in averting potential harm caused by smoke in these open spaces.

Benefits of Using Smoke Curtain Fabric

Smoke curtain fabric offers a multitude of advantages in enhancing fire safety and minimizing the potential hazards associated with fires in various settings. Here are the key benefits of utilizing smoke curtain fabric:

Smoke Containment: Smoke curtain fabric creates a formidable barrier that contains smoke within a confined area, preventing its rapid spread during a fire. This containment aids in maintaining visibility, reducing smoke inhalation risks, and facilitating safer evacuations.

Enhanced Fire Safety: The primary function of smoke curtains is to improve fire safety by preventing smoke from infiltrating vital escape routes. This leads to safer evacuation conditions, reducing the likelihood of injuries and fatalities during emergencies.

Protection of Valuables: Smoke curtain fabric helps safeguard property and assets from smoke damage, particularly in commercial and industrial settings. By minimizing smoke infiltration, it reduces the risk of costly property damage and business interruptions.

Cost-Effectiveness: Compared to traditional fire safety measures, smoke curtains offer a cost-effective solution. They can significantly reduce property damage and lower insurance costs, making them a prudent investment for building owners.

Compliance with Regulations: Many building codes and safety regulations require the installation of smoke containment systems, including smoke curtain fabric. Compliance ensures that buildings adhere to safety standards and avoid legal ramifications.


In summary, the utilization of smoke curtain fabric is characterized by its versatility, compliance with regulations, and cost-effectiveness. It substantially enhances fire safety, protects property, and ensures the safety of occupants, making it an indispensable component in modern fire protection systems.

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